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2016年12月大学英语四级考试翻译真题及解析


201612月大学英语四级考试已经落下帷幕,想必大家都想知道自己考得怎么样,那就赶紧来文都吧。文都英语四六级老师为各位考生解析本次英语四级考试中翻译真题及翻译技巧。


Part Ⅳ                Translation                (30 minutes)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese to English. You should write your answer on Answer Sheet 2.


     在中国文化中,黄颜色是一种很重要的颜色,因为它具有独特的象征意义。在封建(feudal)社会中,它象征统治者的权力和权威。那时,黄色是专为皇帝使用的颜色,皇家宫殿全都漆成黄色,皇袍总是黄色的,而普通老百姓是禁止穿黄色衣服的。在中国,黄色也是收获的象征。秋天庄稼成熟时,田野变得一片金黄。人们兴高采烈,庆祝丰收。

 

参考译文:

In Chinese culture, yellow is an important color because of its unique symbolic meaning. In feudal society, it symbolizes the rulers’ power and authority. At that time, yellow was designed to use for the emperorthe royal palace was painted yellow and the imperial robe was always yellow too. However, the ordinary people were not allowed to wear yellow clothes. In China, yellow also signifies harvest. The fields grow golden yellow in autumn when the crops mature. People celebrate the harvest cheerfully.   

 

解析:

1. 注意用词多样化,相同意思的词采用不同的英文单词,避免重复,如:本题中“象征”就分别用了symbolize和signify两个词。

2. 注意句式多样化,多采用一些关联词,如:because of, at that time, however等词的使用,可以让译文更地道。

3. 意译与直译相结合,首先要保证译文忠于原文,不要一味追求辞藻华丽。

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