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2020年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试 英语二试卷

2020年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试

英语二试卷

 

Section I Use of English

 

DirectionsRead the following text Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)

 

Being a good parent is what every parent would like to be. But defining what it means to be a good parent is undoubtedly very  1  , particularly since children respond differently to the same style of parenting. A calm, rule-following child might respond better to a different sort of parenting than,  2  , a younger one.

 

 3  , there's another sort of parent that's easier to  4  ; a parent. Children of every age benefit from patient parenting. Still ,  5  , every parent would like to be patient, this is no easy  6  , sometimes, parents get exhausted and arc unable to maintain a  7  style with their kids. I understand this.

 

You're only human, and sometimes your kids can  8  you just a little too far. And then the  9  happens: You lose your patience and either scream at your kids or say something that was too  10  and does nobody any good. You wish that you could  11  the clock and start over. We've all been there.

 

 12  , even though it's common, it's vital to keep in mind that in a single moment of fatigue, you can say something to your child that you may  13  for a long time. This may not only do damage to your relationship with your child but also  14  your child's self-esteem.

 

If you consistently lose your  15  with your kids, then you are modeling a lack of emotional control for your kids. We are all becoming increasingly aware of the  16  of modeling patience for the younger generation. This is a skill that will help them all throughout life. In fact, the ability to maintain emotional control when  17  by stress is one of the most significant of all lifes skills.

 

Certainly, it's  18  to maintain patience at all times with your kids. A more practical goal is to try to be as calm as you can when faced with  19  situations involving your children. I can promise you this: As a result of working toward this goal, you and your children will benefit and  20  from stressful moments feeling better physically and emotionally.

 

l.[A] pleasant(B] tricky[C] tedious[D] instructive

 

2. [A] at once[B] in addition[C] for example[D] by accident

 

3. [A] Fortunately[B] Occasionally[C] Accordingly(D) Eventually

 

4. [A] amuse[B] train[C] assist[D] describe

 

5. (A] once(B] because[C] unless(D] while

 

6. [A] choice[B] answer[C] task(D] access

 

7. [A] formal[B] tolerant[C] rigid[D] critical

 

8. [A] move[B] send[C] drag[D] push

 

9.(A] inevitable[B] illogical[C] mysterious[D] suspicious

 

10.[A] boring[B] harsh[C] naive[D] vague

 

11.[A] turn back[B] take apart[C] set aside[D] cover up

 

12.[A] Overall[B] Instead[C] otherwise[D] However

 

13.[A] believe[B] regret(C] miss[D] like

 

14. [A] justify[B] raise[C] affect[D] reflect

 

15.[A]bond[B]time[C]race[D]cool

 

16.[A]nature[B] secret[C]context[D] importance

 

17. [A] confronted[B]defeated[C]cheated[D] confused

 

18. [A] strange[B]terrible[C]hard[D] wrong

 

19.[A] exciting[B]trying[C]Surprising[D] changing

 

20. [A] withdraw[B]hide[C]emerge[D] escape

 

Section II Reading Comprehension

 

Part A.

 

Directions: Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing A,B,C or D. Mark your answers on the ANSWER SHEET.(40 points)

 

Text 1

 

Rats and other animals need to be highly at tuned to social signals from others so that can identify friends to cooperate with and enemies to avoid. To find out if this extends to non-living beings, Loleh Quinn at the University of California, San Diego, and her colleagues tested whether rats can detect social signals from robotic rats.

 

They housed eight adult rats with two types of robotic rat-one social and one asocial -for 5 our days.

 

The robots rats were quite minimalist, resembling a chunkier version of a computer mouse with wheels-to move around and colorful markings.

 

During the experiment, the social robot rat followed the living rats around, played with the same toys, and opened caged doors to let trapped rats escape. Meanwhile, the asocial robot simply moved forwards and backwards and side to side.

 

Next, the researchers trapped the robots in cages and gave the rats the opportunity to release them by pressing a lever.

 

Across 18 trials each, the living rats were 52 percent more likely on average to set the social robot free than the asocial one. This suggests that the rats perceived the social robot as a genuine social being. They may have bonded more with the social robot because it displayed behaviors like communal exploring and playing. This could lead to the rats better remembering having freed it earlier, and wanting the robot to return the favour when they get trapped, says Quinn.

 

The readiness of the rats to befriend the social robot was surprising given its minimal design. The robot was the same size as a regular rat but resembled a simple plastic box on wheels. "We'd assumed we'd have to give its moving head and tail, facial features, and put a scene on it to make it smell like a real rat, but that wasn't necessary," says Janet Wiles at the University of Queensland in Australia, who helped with the research.

 

The finding shows how sensitive rats arc to social cues, even when they come from basic robots. Similarly, children tend to treat robots as if they are fellow beings, even when they display only simple social signals. "We humans seem to be fascinated by robots, and it turns out other animals are too," says Wiles.

 

21.Quinn and her colleagues conducted a test to see if rats can .

 

[A] pickup social signals from non-living rats

 

[B] distinguish a friendly rat from a hostile one

 

[C] attain sociable traits through special training

 

[D] send out warning messages to their fellow

 

22.What did the social robot do during the experiment?

 

[A] It followed the social robot.

 

[B] It played with some toys.

 

[C] It set the trapped rats free.

 

[D] It moved around alone.

 

23.According to Quinn, the rats released the social robot because they

 

[A] tried to practice a means of escape

 

[B] expected it to do the same in return

 

[C] wanted to display their intelligence

 

[D] considered that an interesting game

 

24.James Wiles notes that rats .

 

[A] can remember other rat's facial features

 

[B] differentiate smells better than sizes

 

[C] respond more to cations than to looks

 

[D] can be scared by a plastic box on wheels

 

25.It can be learned from the text that rats .

 

[A] appear to be adaptable to new surroundings

 

[B] arc more socially active than other animals

 

[C] behave differently from children in socializing

 

[D] are more sensitive to social cues than expected


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